top of page

Search Results

45 items found

  • G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd | Methodology

    Methodology Appraisal Process In broad terms, valuation theory recognises three distinct methodologies (or approaches) in valuation. These are the market approach (sometimes known as the direct market comparison approach), the income approach, and the cost approach. Market Approach (a.k.a. Direct Market Comparison Approach) “An approach that provides an indication of value by comparing the subject asset with identical or similar assets for which price information is available”. ​ The Market Approach measures the value of an asset by comparing recent sales or offerings of similar or substitute property and related market data. The similar transactions method uses valuation data based on historical transactions that have occurred in the subject asset’s direct or related industries. The derived data are then adjusted and applied to the appropriate operating data of the subject asset to arrive at an indication of value. This Approach is very popular in many assignments as it is reflective of the interplay of buyers and sellers in the open market. In order for this approach to be reliable however, it is necessary for there to be a significant number of sales of properties similar to the one for which the assignment is being carried out. The Income Approach “An approach that provides an indication of value by converting future cash flows to a single current capital value”. ​ The Income Capitalization Approach is based on the principle that the value of a property is indicated by the net return to the property, or what is also known as the present worth of future benefits. The Income Capitalization Approach considers a property’s potential cash flow and analyses the present worth of the anticipated future benefits to the owner over an assumed holding period. The Income Approach is of considerable importance in appraising commercial properties. Most purchasers of this type of property are generally concerned primarily with an income stream, which is what this approach relies on. The disadvantage of this approach is that it is sometimes based on projections of the future. The Cost Approach “An approach that provides an indication of value using the economic principle that a buyer will pay no more for an asset than the cost to obtain an asset of equal utility, whether by purchase or construction”. ​ The Cost Approach is based on the principle of substitution and is valuable in distinctive properties for which there are either very few or no sales of similar properties. Its drawbacks are that it does not sufficiently rely on market preferences, and in cases of older properties, the quantum of depreciation to be charged is not easily identified. ​ This approach to value follows the following steps: Determine the value of the site as if vacant; Calculate the replacement cost new of the improvements; Estimate the depreciation form from all causes (physical, functional and external); Add the site value to the depreciated value of the improvements. As will be seen from the above, all three approaches vary in effectiveness for specific assignments. Although all three approaches may give reliable indications of value on occasions, frequently, one or two may be totally inappropriate. In arriving at an estimate of value of the subject property, all of the above approaches were considered and one or more of them utilized. Definitions Market Value : The estimated amount for which an asset or liability should exchange on the valuation date between a willing buyer and a willing seller in an arm’s length transaction, after proper marketing and where the parties had each acted knowledgeably, prudently and without compulsion. ​ Market Rent: The estimated amount for which a property would be let on the valuation date between a willing lessor and a willing lessee on appropriate lease terms in an arm’s length transaction, after proper marketing and where the parties had each acted knowledgeably, prudently and without compulsion. ​ Replacement Cost : The cost of obtaining an alternative asset of equivalent utility excluding retaining walls, boundary walls and fences, swimming pools and other water features, site clearance, professional fees and VAT. ​ Contributory Value : The contribution made by a particular feature or component to the value of the whole property. ​ Marketable Title : A title not subject to reasonable doubt or suspicion of invalidity in the mind of a reasonable, intelligent person; one which a prudent person guided by competent legal advice would be willing to accept and purchase at a market value. ​ Highest and Best Use : The use of an asset that maximises its productivity and that is possible, legally permissible and financially feasible. ​ IPMS 3A – Residentia l: The basis of the size of the building is IPMS3A – Residential which is the area in exclusive occupation measured as follows: to the outer face of external walls for detached dwellings; to the outer face of external walls and to the centre-line of shared walls between occupants for attached dwellings; to the outer face of the external wall, to the centre-line of the party walls and to the finished surface of walls shared with common facilities for multi-unit dwellings – RICS Property Measurement 2nd Edition, January 2018. This standard of measurement is similar to the former Gross External Area (GEA).

  • G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd | Chartered Valuation Surveyors | Trindad and Tobago

    WELCOME TO G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd Leading firm of Chartered Valuation Surveyors, specialized in the valuation of properties in Trinidad & Tobago. LEARN MORE Ariapita Avenue, Port of Spain We value the following property types Residential Valuations Commercial Valuations Land Valuations Special Purpose Valuations VALUATION REQUEST MAKE A REQUEST MAKE A PAYMENT MAKE A PAYMENT METHODOLOGY LEARN MORE With your assistance, G. A. Farrell & Associates Limited provides assistance with funding to charitable Organizations including the following Princess Elizabeth Centre | Tritscher Home for Men | Guardian Neediest Cases Fund | Lady Hochoy Home Society of St. Vincent de Paul | John Hayes Kidney Foundation JOIN OUR MAILING LIST Sign up today to get the latest valuation news. Join Thanks for subscribing!

  • G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd | Valuation Videos

    Valuation Videos Valuation Return Part 1 - Manual Submission Valuation Return Part 2 - Online Submission

  • G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd | Property Tax Quick Facts

    Property Tax Quick Facts General Information NOTE: Please be advised that the Valuation Roll 2021 exercise is solely conducted by and for the Valuation Division of the Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago and therefore, does not apply to our business of providing valuations to clients. Kindly visit the Valuation Division’s website at for more information. Thank you. All Property Taxes between 1st January 2010 and 31st December 2017 have been waived. It has been announced that the ‘new’ Property tax for 2018 has also been waived. The Government of Trinidad & Tobago expects to commence the collection of property tax in fiscal 2021. A new Valuation Return Form has been designed which requests more information than the previous one. There has been no official word from the Ministry on when property owners would have to file this return. There is a fine of $5,000 for failing to submit this form when requested. Property owners will have 30 days to object to their assessment. There will be a Valuation Tribunal appointed to hear objections. The Valuation Tribunal will be headed by an Attorney and will comprise four other persons, two of whom will have qualifications and experience in Valuations. There is a $50,000 penalty for leaking of owners’ information. Nevertheless, a big drawback for homeowners is that unless the rental data supplied to the Commissioner of Valuations on the new Valuation Return Form is shared, it will be very difficult to prove an assessment is too high. This puts homeowners at a severe disadvantage as while property sales are registered and available to the general public, rental leases are hardly ever registered. Rental information is therefore extremely hard to come by and one often has to rely on verbal information from other property owners and real estate agents. Further fact sheets will be issued as and when additional information becomes available and will be published on this website. Your Property Tax on a residence will be calculated as follows: The monthly rental value (unfurnished) of your home will be determined by the Commissioner of Valuations. This monthly rental value will be multiplied by 12 to determine the annual rental value. subject to a minimum of $18,000. It is currently proposed to deduct 10% from your annual rental and the remainder will represent your taxable value. It should be mentioned that this deduction can be changed at the discretion of the Board of Inland Revenue. 3% will be calculated of your taxable value and this will represent your Property Tax. For commercial properties, the method remains the same but 5% of your taxable value will be your Property Tax

  • G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd | FAQs

    FAQs Note: ‘End-user’ refers to the actual person or entity that will be relying on the Valuation Report e.g. a lending institution or statutory body. What are the requirements to make a Valuation Request? For a typical Valuation Request, we require the following documents: A copy of a valid photo ID A Utility Bill or other document for proof of home / mailing address (Proof of home / mailing address should be dated within a six (6) month period) A copy of Deed / Title document A copy of Survey Plan / Cadastral Sheet Please note that additional documents may be required based on the type of property and/or the purpose of valuation. What is the fee for a standard residential valuation request? Our fee is dependent on the value of the property and in most cases, the following fee structure applies: ​ $2,000 for the first $500,000 of the opinion of market value and ¼ of 1% of the excess over $500,000 plus VAT, subject to a minimum fee of $2,000 plus VAT. ​ For example, if a property is valued at $1M, our fee would be $3,250 plus VAT @ 12.5%. Therefore, the total cost would be $3,656.25. Please note that our fees may vary based on the type of property and/or the purpose of valuation. How long is a Valuation Report valid? Typically, a valuation report is valid for six (6) months however, it depends on the requirements of the ‘end-user’ and their informed opinion of the validity of the Valuation Report as time passes. Where are you located? We have five (5) branches located throughout Trinidad & Tobago and they are as follows: #23 Ariapita Avenue, Port of Spain, Trinidad, W.I. #51 Harris Street, San Fernando, Trinidad, W.I. 1st Floor, No. 9, Mulchan Seuchan Road, Chaguanas, Trinidad, W.I. #51-59 Tumpuna Road, Shops of Arima, Inner Mall Shops, Arima, Trinidad, W.I. Unit 5, Tateco Building, Wilson Road, Scarborough, Tobago, W.I. What is the turnaround time for a standard Valuation Request? Our process usually takes ten (10) working days however, it may take longer depending on the location, size and other characteristics of the property as well as the relative complexity of the valuation assignment. Why would I need to have my property valued? You may require a Valuation Report for various reasons, some of which are noted as follows: An opinion of what you should pay if you are purchasing a property Mortgage purposes for a long-term loan To determine a replacement cost of a building for Insurance purposes To finance the Construction of a new building If selling a property, to have an opinion of the sale price for marketing purposes An accurate assessment of the applicable Stamp Duty Tax (e.g. when transferring ownership of a property) A record of Assets for accounting purposes such as in a Balance Sheet Statutory requirements – Probating a will or litigation Are your Reports accepted by ‘end-users’? Yes, we are on the panel of approved service providers to all the major Mortgage Lending Institutions and Statutory Bodies. What are the methods of payment? Payment can be made at our offices (San Fernando, Chaguanas, Port of Spain, Arima or Tobago) via cash, debit card, credit card (also, over the phone or via our website), cheque, online transfer or bank deposit. Do I need to make an appointment before visiting the office? It depends on the purpose of your visit. Generally speaking, no appointment is required to visit our office – all COVID-19 protocols would be observed. Our offices are open Monday to Friday from 8:00am to 4:00pm (GMT-4), excluding Public Holidays. For the purpose of requesting a valuation, you may opt to do this online via our online form here . Can someone (otherwise called an agent) make a valuation request on my behalf, I being the client? Yes, someone can make a valuation request on your behalf however, we require a valid photo ID from you, the Client as well as the Agent. What are the requirements to collect a completed Valuation Report? In order to collect the completed Valuation Report, the outstanding balance on fees must be settled in full. Kindly note if someone (an Agent) is collecting the Valuation Report on your behalf, we require a letter authorising the Agent to collect on the client’s behalf as well as a copy of a valid photo ID for the Agent. Do you value agricultural land? Yes, we value agricultural lands generally once there is a motorable access to the lands and Cadastral Survey Plan is available. As such, all requests will be screened prior to acceptance. Kindly note that we only value the surface rights (i.e. freehold or leasehold interest) and not what is grown in the lands such as crops and timber trees. What are comparables? RICS Valuation – Global Standards 2020 defines Comparables as “an item of information used during the valuation process as evidence to support the valuation of another, similar item. Comparable evidence comprises a range of relevant data used by the valuer to support a valuation.” The primary source of comparables is Agreements-of-Sale. If I instruct that I need my Valuation Report to come in at a particular figure, can the company facilitate this? It would be unethical to accept such an instruction. Our Valuation Opinion is based on consideration of all relevant factors including the analysis of comparables (defined above). It would go against best practice to report a valuation opinion that does not follow this process. This is supported by the fact that G. A. Farrell & Associates Limited is a RICS-regulated firm with a duty to uphold international standards [RICS – Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors]. When conducting a site visit, does the Valuation Officer need access to all rooms? Yes. Access to all areas of a building allows for a complete visual inspection of the premises which contributes to a realistic and reasonable assessment of the market value of the property. If I commissioned a Valuation Report to determine a price for my property, can a prospective purchaser use this Valuation Report e.g. to secure a mortgage? As per international standards, a Valuation Report can only be done for one specific purpose. As with the example above, a Valuation Report done for the specific purpose of sale, should not be used for mortgage purposes. We recommend that a prospective purchaser secure his / her own Valuation report. I did a valuation of my property previously and I need an updated Valuation Report. Can the date on my initial Valuation Report be changed? The initial Valuation Report would have been done at a specific date. If we changed the date on the Valuation Report to a later date, this means that the same Valuation Report exists at two different dates. This would be unethical and therefore, we cannot simply change the date on a pre-existing Valuation Report. As such, we advise that a new Valuation Report be commissioned. If my property was already valued in the past by G.A. Farrell & Associates Limited, what will it cost to get an updated Valuation Report? In cases where we have done a Valuation Report on the same property within the last three (3) years, and for the same client, a discount of up to 30% of the fee is given, subject to the applicable minimum fee. ​ For properties valued within the last four (4) to six (6) years, and for the same client, a discount of up to 15% of the fee is given, subject to the applicable minimum fee. Do you also prepare Quantity Surveyor’s Reports? Yes, we do prepare Quantity Surveyor’s Reports on structures that have not exceeded its foundation stage of construction. However, please confirm with your lending institution that we are on their panel of approved Quantity Surveyors. If you require both a Proposed Building Valuation and a Quantity Surveyor’s Report, confirm also with your lending institution that they will accept both Reports from our firm. Do you conduct valuations for properties without Town and Country Planning Division (TCPD) approvals? In the absence of TCPD approvals, once reasonable and practical, we can value the property, but our opinion of value would be based on the following assumption: “All relevant approvals have been obtained from the relevant authorities.” How should I choose a valuation firm? It is important that when a valuation report for a specific purpose is required, you ensure that the Valuation Firm selected is approved by the ‘end-user’. Qualified Valuers will be chartered (i.e. have a professional RICS designation, MRICS or FRICS), a RICS-registered Valuer and may also be a full member of the Institute of Surveyors of Trinidad & Tobago (ISTT), as evidenced by the designation, MISTT.

  • G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd

    G.A. FARRELL & Associates Ltd Welcome to G.A. Farrell & Associates, our website is currently under maintenance to improve your browsing experience. Please stay updated for when we are once again live. We apologize for any inconvenience caused and we can still be reached at our contacts below. | (868) 624-8628 No. 23 Ariapita Avenue, Woodbrook, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago © 2022 G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd | All Rights Reserved | Designed & Developed by AppNerd Inc

  • G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd | Contact Us

    Contact Us We trust all the information provided to you proves to be helpful. Should you require any further assistance you may contact us at: . For resumes or applications, kindly submit to .

  • G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd | Unit Converter

    Unit Converter A free conversion tool to assist you with your calculations.

  • G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd | Key Personnel


  • G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd | Webinars

    Webinars 2024 Residential Real Estate Webinar 2022 Commercial Real Estate Webinar - Clint Langton's Presentation 2022 Commercial Real Estate Webinar 2022 Residential Real Estate Webinar 2021 Commercial Real Estate Webinar

  • G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd | Insurance

    Insurance How Much Insurance Do I Need? For most people, the answer to this question is obtained when they first buy their home. At that time, a valuation is customarily done and the valuation report will state the sum recommended for insurance. If they are getting a mortgage loan, the Bank will usually insist that the house be insured for a sum not less than that stated in the valuation report.Unfortunately, thousands live in their home for several years and never change the amount of their house insurance. In a time of increasing costs, this can be very dangerous to a homeowner. It is like playing Russian roulette.Let’s examine a case where a homeowner Mr. I. N. Trouble buys a property for $600,000 at which time the cost to replace the building is $400,000. At that time, he buys insurance on the building for $400,000. After a period of 10 years, let us assume that his building will now cost $600,000 to replace. However, he has never increased his house insurance…and… DISASTER!…his house is fully destroyed. Mr. I.N. Trouble will be entitled to a cheque for $400,000. (the amount of his house insurance). However, to replace the house he had, it will cost him $600,000 and as a result, he will have lost $200,000. The worse is yet to come. In obtaining his mortgage loan, his house insurance was assigned to the Bank that carries his loan. The cheque from the insurance company will therefore go to the bank first, and only be released to him in some format, if and when he rebuilds his house. O.K. you say, but a house is rarely 100% destroyed. What if it is only 60% destroyed? Surely Mr. I. N. Trouble will get the full $360,000 (60% of the replacement cost of $600,000.) as his insurance is $400,000? The answer is NO. In this scenario, he will get $240,000. This represents 60% of what the house is actually insured for (which is $400,000.) and therefore, he will be short $120,000 i.e. $360,000 (the cost of repairs) – $240,000 (insurance proceeds). This clearly shows the danger of sitting back and not paying attention to your house insurance. For all of you who are guilty of not checking to see if your house insurance is sufficient, please contact a qualified expert. It may be a Quantity Surveyor, Engineer, Architect, Valuer or Contractor. Their fee will depend on the value of your home, and will generally be between 1/6 – 1/3 of 1% of its value (i.e. divide the value of the building by between 600-300). While it may appear costly at first, it is definitely worth it when compared to what you might lose. It is also important to select the insurance company very carefully. A major consideration is that the company is financially sound. In addition, it should have a good reputation for settling claims. While cost is a factor, it is not a good idea to select a company solely by the insurance premium. The sum you save now may not seem worth it when you are having difficulty in obtaining a settlement cheque for your loss. Finally, having a good insurance agent is also very advisable. You want an agent who is knowledgeable in insurance and has an interest in your needs. Do not procrastinate. The time to get professional advice is NOW. Contact a professional or G.A. Farrell & Associates Limited.

  • G.A. Farrell & Associates Ltd | Our Story

    Our Story G.A. Farrell & Associates Limited is a leading firm of Chartered Valuation Surveyors who specialize in the valuation of properties in Trinidad and Tobago. ​ In 1976 Gordon Farrell, FRICS, retired from his career as the Director of Surveys, Land and Surveys Department. With over 30 years invaluable experience, he established G. A. Farrell & Associates Limited. Since then the company has grown to become one of the foremost firms of valuation surveyors in Trinidad and Tobago. ​ The founding partner, Gordon Farrell, was joined in 1998 by two other partners, Mark Farrell and Derek de Gannes . They trained abroad in the USA and UK respectively and on their return to Trinidad they brought with them a wealth of international experience, each having worked abroad for over ten years. Mr. Gordon Farrell retired from the company after 32 years in 2008. ​ In order to maintain its high level of professionalism and its contact with the international market, the firm has a policy of Continuing Professional Education. Its professional staff are required to complete at least 20 hours per year. Courses are attended mainly abroad and by correspondence. Some local seminars have also proved to be useful. ​ G. A. Farrell & Associates Limited has grown from a small family practice to a large professional firm and maintains a high ratio of professional staff to administrative staff. It now has offices in Port of Spain (Ariapita Avenue), Chaguanas (Mulchan Seuchan Road), San Fernando (Harris Street), Arima (Shops of Arima) and Tobago (Tateco Building). Its Quantity Surveying consultant is Mr. Clifford Murray (MRICS). Our Founder turns 100 READ MORE

bottom of page